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Thiostrepton
Last updated: 04/08/2022
(Also known as: alaninamide; thiactin; bryamycin)

Data alerts

The following alerts are based on the data in the tables below. An absence of an alert does not imply the substance has no implications for human health, biodiversity or the environment but just that we do not have the data to form a judgement.

Environmental fate Ecotoxicity Human health
   
Human health
Moderate alert:
Mammals acute toxicity: Moderate
Warning:
Significant data are missing
GENERAL INFORMATION
Description
A protein synthesis-inhibiting antibiotic active against gram-positive bacteria including mastitis and dermatological disorders
Availability status
Current
Introduction & key dates
1955, discovered
Examples of species treated
Dogs; Cats; Cattle
Chemical structure
Isomerism
Isomeric
Chemical formula
C₇₂H₈₅N₁₉O₁₈S₅
Canonical SMILES
CCC(C)C1C(=O)NC(C(=O)NC(=C)C(=O)NC(C(=O)NC23CCC(=NC2C4=CSC(=N4)C(C(OC(=O)C5=NC6=C(C=CC(C6O)N1)C(=C5)C(C)O)C)NC(=O)C7=CSC(=N7)C(NC(=O)C8CSC(=N8)C(=CC)NC(=O)C(NC(=O)C9=CSC3=N9)C(C)O)C(C)(C(C)O)O)C1=NC(=CS1)C(=O)NC(=C)C(=O)NC(=C)C(=O)N)C)C
Isomeric SMILES
CC[C@H](C)[C@H]1C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)NC(=C)C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@]23CCC(=N[C@@H]2C4=CSC(=N4)[C@H]([C@H](OC(=O)C5=NC6=C(C=C[C@H]([C@@H]6O)N1)C(=C5)[C@H](C)O)C)NC(=O)C7=CSC(=N7)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@H]8CSC(=N8)/C(=C/C)/NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)C9=CSC3=N9)[C@@H](C)O)[C@@](C)([C@@H](C)O)O)C1=NC(=CS1)C(=O)NC(=C)C(=O)NC(=C)C(=O)N)C)C
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey)
NSFFHOGKXHRQEW-AIHSUZKVSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI)
InChI=1S/C72H85N19O18S5/c1-14-26(3)47-63(105)78-30(7)57(99)75-28(5)56(98)76-31(8)58(100)91-72-19-18-40(66-85-43(22-111-66)59(101)77-29(6)55(97)74-27(4)54(73)96)81-52(72)42-21-112-67(83-42)49(34(11)109-69(107)41-20-37(32(9)92)36-16-17-39(79-47)51(95)50(36)80-41)89-60(102)44-24-113-68(86-44)53(71(13,108)35(12)94)90-62(104)45-23-110-65(84-45)38(15-2)82-64(106)48(33(10)93)88-61(103)46-25-114-70(72)87-46/h15-17,20-22,24-26,30-35,39,45,47-49,51-53,79,92-95,108H,4-6,14,18-19,23H2,1-3,7-13H3,(H2,73,96)(H,74,97)(H,75,99)(H,76,98)(H,77,101)(H,78,105)(H,82,106)(H,88,103)(H,89,102)(H,90,104)(H,91,100)/b38-15-/t26-,30-,31-,32-,33+,34+,35+,39+,45+,47-,48-,49-,51-,52+,53+,71+,72+/m0/s1
2D structure diagram/image available?
Yes
Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre diagrams
Common Name Relationship Link
thiostrepton -
General status
Veterinary substance type
Medicinal drug: antibiotic
Substance groups
Cyclic oligopeptide
Minimum active substance purity
-
Known relevant impurities
-
Substance origin
Natural
Mode of action
Inhibits bacterial protein biosynthesis by acting on the elongation factor Tu
Molecular targets
-
CAS RN
1393-48-2
EC number
215-734-9
CIPAC number
-
US EPA chemical code
-
PubChem CID
-
ATCvet Code
-
Therapeutic Class
-
Controlled Drug?
No
Regulation 37/2010 MRL Classification
-
Molecular mass
1664.83
PIN (Preferred Identification Name)
-
IUPAC name
-
CAS name
8-hydroxy-4-(1-hydroxyethyl)quinoline-2-carboxylic Acid
Other status information
-
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards
-
Physical state
White powder
Formulations
Property
Product
Manufacturer
Authorisation Route
UK Legal Class
Example products using this active
- - - -
Formulation and application details
-
ENVIRONMENTAL FATE
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Solubility - In water at 20 °C (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20 °C (mg l⁻¹)
10000
E3 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
3 = Unverified data of known source
DMSO
-
Melting point (°C)
246
Q3 Q = Miscellaneous internet resources
3 = Unverified data of known source
-
Boiling point (°C)
- - -
Degradation point (°C)
- - -
Flashpoint (°C)
- - -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20 °C
P
- - -
Log P
- - -
Fat solubility of residues
Solubility
- - -
Data type
- - -
Density (g ml⁻¹)
- - -
Dissociation constant pKa) at 25 °C
- - -
-
Vapour pressure at 20 °C (mPa)
- - -
Henry's law constant at 25 °C (Pa m³ mol⁻¹)
- - -
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol⁻¹ cm⁻¹
- - -
Surface tension (mN m⁻¹)
- - -
Refractive Index
- - -
Degradation
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic)
DT₅₀ (typical)
- - -
DT₅₀ (lab at 20 °C)
- - -
DT₅₀ (field)
- - -
DT₉₀ (lab at 20 °C)
- - -
DT₉₀ (field)
- - -
Note
-
Manure DT₅₀ (days)
- - -
Aqueous photolysis DT₅₀ (days) at pH 7
Value
- - -
Note
-
Aqueous hydrolysis DT₅₀ (days) at 20 °C and pH 7
Value
- - -
Note
-
Water-sediment DT₅₀ (days)
- - -
Water phase only DT₅₀ (days)
- - -
Soil adsorption and mobility
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Linear
Kd
- - -
Koc
-
Notes and range
-
Freundlich
Kf
- - -
Kfoc
-
1/n
-
Notes and range
-
pH sensitivity
-
Fate indices
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
GUS leaching potential index
- - -
Bio-concentration factor
BCF (l kg⁻¹)
- - -
CT₅₀ (days)
- -
Known metabolites

None

ECOTOXICOLOGY
Terrestrial ecotoxicology
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Mammals - Acute oral LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
> 1000
V3 V = ChemID online databases / IPCS INCHEM (ChemID; IPCS INCHEM )
3 = Unverified data of known source
Mouse
Moderate
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL
(mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
(ppm diet)
- -
Mammals - Chronic 21d NOAEL (mg kg⁻¹ bw d⁻¹)
- - -
Birds - Acute LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Birds - Short term dietary (LC₅₀/LD₅₀)
- - -
Birds - Chronic 21d NOEL (mg kg⁻¹ bw d⁻¹)
- - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Earthworms - Chronic NOEC, reproduction (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Soil micro-organisms
- - -
Collembola
Acute LC₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Chronic NOEC (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Non-target plants
- - -
- - -
Honeybees (Apis spp.)
Contact acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Oral acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Unknown mode acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Chronic
- - -
Bumblebees (Bombus spp.)
Contact acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
-
Oral acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
-
Mason bees (Osmia spp.)
Contact acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Oral acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Other pollinators (1)
Acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect⁻¹)
- - -
Mode of exposure
-
Other pollinators (2)
Acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect⁻¹)
- - -
Mode of exposure
-
Beneficial insects (Ladybirds)
- - -
Beneficial insects (Lacewings)
- - -
Beneficial insects (Parasitic wasps)
- - -
Beneficial insects (Predatory mites)
- - -
Beneficial insects (Ground beetles)
- - -
Aquatic ecotoxicology
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC₅₀, biomass (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC₅₀, growth (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Mesocosm study data
NOEAEC mg l⁻¹
- - -
NOEAEC mg l⁻¹
- - -
HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION
General
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class)
- - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
> 1000
V3 V = ChemID online databases / IPCS INCHEM (ChemID; IPCS INCHEM )
3 = Unverified data of known source
Mouse
Moderate
Mammals - Dermal LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹ body weight)
- - -
Mammals - Inhalation LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints
Intraperitoneal LD₅₀ = 2000 mg kg⁻¹
V3 V = ChemID online databases / IPCS INCHEM (ChemID; IPCS INCHEM )
3 = Unverified data of known source
Mouse
-
Intravenous LD₅₀ = 41 mg kg⁻¹
V3 V = ChemID online databases / IPCS INCHEM (ChemID; IPCS INCHEM )
3 = Unverified data of known source
Mouse
-
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
Dermal penetration studies (%)
- - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464
- - -
Exposure Routes
Public
-
Occupational
-
Mammalian dose elimination route and rate
Both parent and metabolite compounds are excreted in the bile
R3 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
3 = Unverified data of known source
-
Health issues
Specific human health issues
Carcinogen
Genotoxic
Endocrine disruptor
No data found
A0 A = Chromosome aberration (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
B0 B = DNA damage/repair (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
C0 C = Gene mutation (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
D0 D = Genome mutation (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
E0 E = Unspecified genotoxicity type (miscellaneous data source)
0 = No data
No data found
Reproduction / development effects Acetyl cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant
No data found No data found No data found
Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser
Yes, known to cause a problem
Yes, known to cause a problem
No data found
Eye irritant Phototoxicant  
Yes, known to cause a problem
No data found  
General human health issues
Harmful if swallowed, in contact with skin or if inhaled
Handling issues
Property
Value and interpretation
General
Will emit toxic fumes when heated to decomposition
Incompatible with strong oxidising agents and strong acids
CLP classification 2013
-
WHO Classification
NL (Not listed)
UN Number
None allocated
Waste disposal & packaging
-
TRANSLATIONS
Language
Name
English
thiostrepton
French
-
German
-
Danish
-
Italian
-
Spanish
-
Greek
-
Polish
-
Swedish
-
Hungarian
-
Dutch
-

Record last updated: 04/08/2022
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk
Please cite as: Lewis, K.A., Tzilivakis, J., Warner, D. and Green, A. (2016) An international database for pesticide risk assessments and management. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, 22(4), 1050-1064. DOI: 10.1080/10807039.2015.1133242