The following alerts are based on the data in the tables below. An absence of an alert does not imply the substance has no implications for human health, biodiversity or the environment but just that we do not have the data to form a judgement.
Human health Low alert
Warning: Significant data are missing
A broad-spectrum anthelmintic that acts on many important gastrointestinal nematodes and lungworms of farmed livestock
Introduction & key dates
Examples of species treated
Pigs; Cattle; Sheep; Goats
This is the racemic form of levamisole. Levamisole is the biologically active isomer.
An alkaline phosphatase
inhibitor with antihelminthic and anticancer properties. It inhibits parasite growth by acting as an agonist to nicotinic acetylcholine receptors leading to paralysis. Anti-cancer mode of action is unknown.
Lewis, K.A., Tzilivakis, J., Warner, D. and Green, A. (2016) An international database for pesticide risk assessments and management. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, 22(4), 1050-1064. DOI: 10.1080/10807039.2015.1133242