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2-phenylphenol
** O-phenylphenol ** 2-hydroxybiphenyl ** phenyl-2 phenol ** o-xenol ** OPP ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for 2-phenylphenol

Description: Waxy substance used as a coating agent impregnated into wrappers and storage systems, to protect a variety of crops from storage diseases. Indoor use.

Example pests controlled: Microbial damage; Canker

Example applications: Fruit including apples, pears, citrus

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: circa 1930

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Spain/Greece
Date inclusion expires 31/12/2021
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) No
Listed in EU database Yes

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: New Zealand, Canada, USA

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism None
Chemical formula C12H10O
Canonical SMILES C1=CC=C(C=C1)C2=CC=CC=C2O
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) LLEMOWNGBBNAJR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C12H10O/c13-12-9-5-4-8-11(12)10-6-2-1-3-7-10/h1-9,13H
2D structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Fungicide, Other substance
Other constituent type Disinfectant, Preservative
Substance group Phenol
Minimum active substance purity 998 g/kg
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - None declared
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Broad-spectrum, contact
CAS RN 90-43-7
EC number 201-993-5
CIPAC number 246
US EPA chemical code 064103
PubChem CID 7017
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 170.21
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) [1,1'-biphenyl]-2-ol
IUPAC name biphenyl-2-ol
CAS name [1,1'-biphenyl]-2-ol
Other status information PAN listed Highly Hazardous Chemical
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) Not applicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not known
Examples of recorded resistance -
Physical state Colourless to lilac coloured flaky crystalline solid
Related substances & organisms

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Dow
  • Chemos GmbH
Example products using this active
  • Dowicide 1
UK LERAP status No UK approval for use as a pesticide under EC Regulation 1107/2009
Formulation and application details Fruit are usually packed in boxes and placed in a drenching cabinet. One application post-harvest is made.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for 2-phenylphenol

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 560 A5 High
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) 5900000 Q3 - Ethanol -
250000 A5 - Ethyl acetate -
50300 A5 - Heptane -
250000 A5 - Acetone -
Melting point (oC) 56.7 A5 -
Boiling point (oC) 287 A5 -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable A5 -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 1.51 X 1003 Calculated -
Log P 3.18 A5 High
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 1.22 L3 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC 9.4 A5 -
Note: Weak acid
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 474 A5 - @ 906 mPa, 25 degC Highly volatile
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 0.14 A5 Moderately volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index -1.40 Calculated Low leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value 1.03 X 10-05 Calculated -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Low
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 245nm = 12800, 287nm = 8200 A5 -
Surface tension (mN m-1) 58.72 A5 20 oC -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 4 Q2 Non-persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) 0.11 A5 Non-persistent
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) 0.36 A5 -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note EU dossier lab data: DT50 0.11 days and DT90 0.36 days for sandy loam and aerobic conditions: Other literature estimate DT50 between 1-7 days
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value 0.3 A5 Fast
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value Stable A5 -
Note Stable pH 5-9 upto 50 DegC
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) 8.65 A5 Moderately fast

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - - -
Koc -
Notes and range -
Freundlich Kf 8.68 A5 Moderately mobile
Kfoc 347
1/n 0.82
Notes and range EU dossier Kf range 7.47-11.66 mL/g, Kfoc range 252-393 mL/g, 1/n range 0.784-0.870
pH sensitivity No


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for 2-phenylphenol

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) 21.7 A5 Low potential
CT50 (days) Not available -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 2733 A5 Rat Low
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2250 A5 Anas platyrhynchos Low
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 4.0 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) 0.036 A5 Pimephales promelas Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 2.7 A5 Daphnia magna Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.32 F4 Mysidopsis bahia Moderate
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) 1.85 A5 Chironomus riparius Moderate
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) 6.2 F4 Lemna gibba Moderate
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) 0.85 E4 Scenedemus subspicatus Moderate
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) 99.1 A5 Eisenia foetida, corr Moderate
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for 2-phenylphenol

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 2733 A5 Rat Low
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 2000 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 0.036 A5 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.4 A5 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) Not allocated JMPR 2001 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.4 A5 Rat, SF=100 -
Dermal penetration studies (%) 100 A3 default -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public No exposure expected
Occupational Acceptable risks for the proposed uses when used as prescribed
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

General human health issues Bladder, kidney and liver toxicant
May damage corneals
Endocrine issues - Estrogen agonist

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Very corrosive
Combustable
Hygroscopic
IMDG Transport Code is usually 9
CLP classification 2013 Health: H315, H319, H335
Environment: H400, H410
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Xi - Irritant: R36/37/38
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S2, S22, S61
WHO Classification III - Slightly hazardous
US EPA Classification (formulation) I - Danger - Highly toxic
UN Number Usually 3077
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group III (minor danger)


TRANSLATIONS

for 2-phenylphenol

Language Name
English 2-phenylphenol
French biphenyle-2-ol
German Biphenyl-2-ol
Danish -
Italian -
Spanish ortofenilfenol
Greek -
Slovenian -
Polish -
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch -

Record last updated: Thursday 23 August 2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk