The following alerts are based on the data in the tables below. An absence of an alert does not imply the substance has no implications for human health, biodiversity or the environment but just that we do not have the data to form a judgement.
Ecotoxicity Moderate alert: Fish acute ecotoxicity: Moderate
Warning: Significant data are missing
Human health High alert: Carcinogen; Neurotoxicant
Waxy substance used as a coating agent impregnated into wrappers and storage systems, to protect a variety of crops from storage diseases. Indoor use.
Example pests controlled
Microbial damage; Canker
Fruit including apples, pears, citrus
Efficacy & activity
Efficacy demostrated by extensive global use, field and lab trials.
Introduction & key dates
UK regulatory status
UK COPR regulatory status
Date COPR inclusion expires
UK LERAP status
EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414)
EC Regulation 1107/2009 status
Date EC 1107/2009 inclusion expires
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS)
Listed in EU database
Approved for use (✓) under EC 1107/2009 in the following EU Member States
Lewis, K.A., Tzilivakis, J., Warner, D. and Green, A. (2016) An international database for pesticide risk assessments and management. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, 22(4), 1050-1064. DOI: 10.1080/10807039.2015.1133242