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ethanol
** absolute alcohol ** hydroxyethane ** grain alcohol ** ethyl hydrate ** methylcarbinol ** ethyl alcohol ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information

Description: Substance used, post-harvest, as a catalytic generator for the production of ethylene gas for fruit ripening. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant.

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: -

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status None - not a ppp
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur UK
Date inclusion expires Not applicable
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) -
Listed in EU database Yes

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism None
Chemical formula C2H5OH
Canonical SMILES CCO
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) LFQSCWFLJHTTHZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C2H6O/c1-2-3/h3H,2H2,1H3
2D structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Metabolite, Other substance, Plant growth regulator precursor, Additive, Insecticide
Metabolite Type Soil, Groundwater
Other constituent type Gas generator, Preservative
Substance group Aliphatic alcohol
Minimum active substance purity 950 g/kg
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - None declared
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Chemical reaction
CAS RN 64-17-5
EC number 200-578-6
CIPAC number None
US EPA chemical code 001501
PubChem CID -
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 46.07
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) -
IUPAC name ethanol
CAS name ethyl alcohol
Other status information EC 2232/96 Annex 1 registered as food flavouring agent, UK registered Commodity Substance
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) Not applicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance -
Physical state Clear colourless liquid
Related substances & organisms -

Can be a metabolite of:
Parent Formation medium Estimated maximum occurrence fraction 1107/2009 relevancy Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
fosetyl-aluminium Soil, Groundwater   Null   Not relevant

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Catalytic Generators UK
Example products using this active
  • Ethy-Gen
UK LERAP status Not applicable
Formulation and application details Not applied directly to the crop. Usually used via immersion in a tank enclosed in a fume cupboard .


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) Miscible A5 -
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) Miscible A5 - Acetone -
Miscible A5 - Ethyl acetate -
Miscible A5 - Benzene -
Miscible A5 - Methanol -
Melting point (oC) -115 A5 -
Boiling point (oC) 78.3 A5 -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) 13 A5 -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 4.90 X 10-01 Calculated -
Log P -0.31 A5 Low
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 0.79 L3 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC 15.9 A5 -
Note: Strong base
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 7.87 X 1006 A5 Highly volatile
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 5.2 X 10-06 A5 Non-volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index -3.83 Calculated Low leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value 7.67 X 10-04 Calculated -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Low
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 210nm = 0.5, 220nm = 0.25, 230nm = 0.10, 250nm = 0.03, 270nm = 0.005 A3 -
Surface tension (mN m-1) 22.75 A5 -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 0.11 Click here to see a warning relating to modelling and this active substance A5 Non-persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) 0.11 A5 Non-persistent
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) 0.43 A5 -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note EU 2017 Dossier DT50 range 0.07-0.144 days, DT90 range 0.2-0.58 days, Soils=6
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - CA2 Very mobile
Koc 1.0
Notes and range Estimated
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) - - -
CT50 (days) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 6000 A5 Rat Low
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 13200 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Low
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 12340 A5 Daphnia magna Low
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) 4816 A5 Lemna gibba Low
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) 50 A5 Selenastrum capricornutum, 120 hour Low
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees (Apis spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Unknown mode acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Bumblebees (Bombus spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
-
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
-
Mason bees (Osmia spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Other pollinators (1) Acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect-1) - - -
Mode of exposure -
Other pollinators (2) Acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect-1) - - -
Mode of exposure -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class Low (class I) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 6000 A5 Rat Low
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 20000 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 39 A5 Rat, 4 hr -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) None allocated A5 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) None allocated A5 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) None allocated A5 -
Dermal penetration studies (%) 100 A3 default -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Limits [UK LT TWA 8 hr:1000 ppm (1920 mg/m3)] UK EA QS database, 2018 -
Exposure Routes Public Exposure unlikely for authorised applications
Occupational Not thought to be a significant risk for operators or other workers
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

General human health issues Liver and kidney toxicant
CNS depressant

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Highly flammable
Not explosive or oxidising
Hygroscopic
IMDG Transport Code is usually 3
CLP classification 2013 -
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases H - Handling risk: R11
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S2, 7, S16
WHO Classification None - not a ppp - -
US EPA Classification (formulation) - -
UN Number Usually 1170
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group II (medium danger)


TRANSLATIONS

Language Name
English ethanol
French alcool ethylique
German Aethylalkohol
Danish -
Italian alcool etilico
Spanish -
Greek -
Slovenian -
Polish alkoholu etylowego
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch ethylalcohol

Record last updated: Wednesday 23 May 2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk