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Iminoctadine tris(albesilate) (Ref: DF-250)
Last updated: 31/05/2018
(Also known as: Iminoctadine albesilate)

GENERAL INFORMATION
Description
An aliphatic nitrogen fungicide widely used in some countries to control a variety of fungal pathogens
Example pests controlled
Alternaria, Gloeodes
Example applications
Fruit including citrus; Ornamental and fruit trees; Lawns and turf
Efficacy & activity
-
Availability status
Current
Introduction & key dates
1995; first reported; 1994, first registered Japan
UK regulatory status
UK approval status
Not approved
EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414)
EC Directive 91/414 Status
Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur
Not applicable
Date inclusion expires
Expired
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS)
Not applicable
Listed in EU database
Yes
Approved for use (✓) or known to be used (#) in the following EU-27 Member States
ATAustria
BEBelgium
BGBulgaria
CYCyprus
CZCzech Republic
DEGermany
DKDenmark
EEEstonia
ELGreece
                 
ESSpain
FIFinland
FRFrance
HRCroatia
HUHungary
IEIreland
ITItaly
LTLithuania
LULuxembourg
                 
LVLatvia
MTMalta
NLNetherlands
PLPoland
PTPortugal
RORomania
SESweden
SISlovenia
SKSlovakia
                 
Also used in
Also used in
China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan
Chemical structure
Isomerism
-
Chemical formula
C₇₂H₁₃₁N₇O₉S₃
Canonical SMILES
CCCCCCCCCCCCC1=CC=CC=C1S(=O)(=O)O.CCCCCCCCCCCCC1=CC=CC=C1S(=O)(=O)O.CCCCCCCCCCCCC1=CC=CC=C1S(=O)(=O)O.C(CCCCN=C(N)N)CCCNCCCCCCCCN=C(N)N
Isomeric SMILES
No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey)
XAYMVFWOJIOUTA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI)
InChI=1S/C18H41N7.3C18H30O3S/c19-17(20)24-15-11-7-3-1-5-9-13-23-14-10-6-2-4-8-12-16-25-18(21)22;3*1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-14-17-15-12-13-16-18(17)22(19,20)21/h23H,1-16H2,(H4,19,20,24)(H4,21,22,25);3*12-13,15-16H,2-11,14H2,1H3,(H,19,20,21)
2D structure diagram/image available?
Yes
General status
Pesticide type
Fungicide
Substance group
Guanidine
Minimum active substance purity
-
Known relevant impurities
-
Substance origin
Synthetic
Mode of action
Protectant. Multi-site activity.
CAS RN
99257-43-9
EC number
-
CIPAC number
-
US EPA chemical code
-
PubChem CID
24834756
Molecular mass
1335.05
PIN (Preferred Identification Name)
1,1'-iminodi(octamethylene)diguanidinium tris(alkylbenzenesulfonate)
IUPAC name
1,1'-iminodi(octamethylene)diguanidinium tris(alkylbenzenesulfonate)
CAS name
N,N'''-(iminodi-8,1-octanediyl)bisguanidinium tris(dodecylbenzenesulfonate)
Other status information
-
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards
-
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC)
Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA)
Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC)
Not applicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC)
M7
Examples of recorded resistance
-
Physical state
Light brown waxy solid
Formulations
Property
Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Bellkute 40% WP
Example products using this active
  • Nippon Soda Co., Ltd.
UK LERAP status
No UK approval for use as a pesticide under EC Regulation 1107/2009
Formulation and application details
Available in arange of formulations including wettable powders and seed dressings
ENVIRONMENTAL FATE
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Solubility - In water at 20 °C (mg l⁻¹)
6000
Q3 Q = Miscellaneous internet resources
3 = Unverified data of known source
High
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20 °C (mg l⁻¹)
5660000
Q3 Q = Miscellaneous internet resources
3 = Unverified data of known source
Methanol
-
3280000
Q3 Q = Miscellaneous internet resources
3 = Unverified data of known source
Ethanol
-
550
Q3 Q = Miscellaneous internet resources
3 = Unverified data of known source
Acetone
-
Melting point (°C)
94
Q3 Q = Miscellaneous internet resources
3 = Unverified data of known source
-
Boiling point (°C)
- - -
Degradation point (°C)
- - -
Flashpoint (°C)
- - -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20 °C
P
- - -
Log P
- - -
Bulk density (g ml⁻¹)
- - -
Dissociation constant pKa) at 25 °C
- - -
-
Vapour pressure at 20 °C
1.6 X 10-01
Q3 Q = Miscellaneous internet resources
3 = Unverified data of known source
Low volatility
Henry's law constant at 25 °C
- - -
GUS leaching potential index
-2.69 Calculated Low leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l⁻¹) for a 1 kg ha⁻¹ or 1 l ha⁻¹ application rate
Value
5.35 X 10-03 Calculated -
Note
Estimated concentrations of chemicals with Koc values greater than 9995 ml g⁻¹ are beyond the scope of the regression data used in SCI-GROW development. If there are concerns for such chemicals, a higher tier groundwater exposure assessment should be considered, regardless of the concentration returned by SCI-GROW
Potential for particle bound transport index
High Calculated -
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol⁻¹ cm⁻¹
- - -
Surface tension (mN m⁻¹)
- - -
Degradation
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
General biodegradability
-
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic)
DT₅₀ (typical)
105
Q3 Q = Miscellaneous internet resources
3 = Unverified data of known source
Persistent
DT₅₀ (lab at 20 °C)
- - -
DT₅₀ (field)
- - -
DT₉₀ (lab at 20 °C)
- - -
DT₉₀ (field)
- - -
DT₅₀ modelling endpoint
- - -
Note
Literature data DT₅₀ range 90 to 122 days
Dissipation rate RL₅₀ on plant matrix
Value
- - -
Note
-
Dissipation rate RL₅₀ on and in plant matrix
Value
- - -
Note
-
Aqueous photolysis DT₅₀ (days) at pH 7
Value
- - -
Note
-
Aqueous hydrolysis DT₅₀ (days) at 20 °C and pH 7
Value
- - -
Note
-
Water-sediment DT₅₀ (days)
- - -
Water phase only DT₅₀ (days)
- - -
Soil adsorption and mobility
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Linear
Kd
-
E3 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
3 = Unverified data of known source
Non-mobile
Koc
214453
Notes and range
-
Freundlich
Kf
- - -
Kfoc
-
1/n
-
Notes and range
-
pH sensitivity
-
Key metabolites
Metabolite
Formation medium
Estimated maximum occurrence fraction
1107/2009 relevancy
guazatine (Ref: EM 379)
Soil - -
ECOTOXICOLOGY
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Bio-concentration factor
BCF (l kg⁻¹)
- - -
CT₅₀ (days)
- -
Mammals - Acute oral LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
> 1400
V3 V = ChemID online databases / IPCS INCHEM (ChemID; IPCS INCHEM )
3 = Unverified data of known source
Rat
Moderate
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL
(mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
(ppm diet)
- -
Birds - Acute LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
> 1827
Q3 Q = Miscellaneous internet resources
3 = Unverified data of known source
Coturnix quail
Moderate
Birds - Short term dietary (LC₅₀/LD₅₀)
- - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
4.5
Q3 Q = Miscellaneous internet resources
3 = Unverified data of known source
Oncorhymchus mykiss
Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
> 100
Q3 Q = Miscellaneous internet resources
3 = Unverified data of known source
Daphnia carinata
Low
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC₅₀, biomass (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Non-target plants
- - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC₅₀, growth (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Honeybees (Apis spp.)
Contact acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Oral acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Unknown mode acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Bumblebees (Bombus spp.)
Contact acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
-
Oral acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
-
Mason bees (Osmia spp.)
Contact acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Oral acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Other pollinators (1)
Acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect⁻¹)
- - -
Mode of exposure
-
Other pollinators (2)
Acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect⁻¹)
- - -
Mode of exposure
-
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
> 1000
Q3 Q = Miscellaneous internet resources
3 = Unverified data of known source
Eisenia foetida
Low
Earthworms - Chronic NOEC, reproduction (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Other soil macro-organisms
Acute LC₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Chronic NOEC (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Other arthropod (1)
LR₅₀ g ha⁻¹
- - -
% Effect
- - -
Other arthropod (2)
LR₅₀ g ha⁻¹
- - -
% Effect
- - -
Soil micro-organisms
- - -
Mesocosm study data
NOEAEC mg l⁻¹
- - -
NOEAEC mg l⁻¹
- - -
HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION
General
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class)
High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
> 1400
V3 V = ChemID online databases / IPCS INCHEM (ChemID; IPCS INCHEM )
3 = Unverified data of known source
Rat
Moderate
Mammals - Dermal LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹ body weight)
2000
L3 L = Pesticide manuals and hard copy reference books / other sources
3 = Unverified data of known source
Rat
-
Mammals - Inhalation LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
1.0
E3 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
3 = Unverified data of known source
Rat
-
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints
- - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
Dermal penetration studies (%)
- - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464
- - -
Exposure Routes
Public
-
Occupational
-
European MRLs
EU MRL pesticide database 
Drinking Water Standards
- - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l⁻¹)
- - -
Health issues
Specific human health issues
Carcinogen
Genotoxic
Endocrine disruptor
No data found
A0 A = Chromosome aberration (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
B0 B = DNA damage/repair (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
C0 C = Gene mutation (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
D0 D = Genome mutation (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
E3 E = Unspecified genotoxicity type (miscellaneous data source)
3 = Negative
No data found
Reproduction / development effects Acetyl cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant
No data found
XNo, known not to cause a problem
No data found
Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser
No data found
Yes, known to cause a problem
No data found
Eye irritant Phototoxicant  
Yes, known to cause a problem
No data found  
General human health issues
Highly
Handling issues
Property
Value and interpretation
General
IMDG Transport Code is usually 6.1a
CLP classification 2013
-
EC Risk Classification
T+ - Very toxic: R26
Xn - Harmful: R21/22, R41
Xi - Irritant: R37/38
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50, R53
EC Safety Classification
S1/2, S26, S28, S36/37/39, S38, S45, S46, S60, S61, S63
WHO Classification
III (Slightly hazardous)
UN Number
-
Waste disposal & packaging
Packaging Group II (medium danger)
TRANSLATIONS
Language
Name
English
iminoctadine tris(albesilate)
French
-
German
-
Danish
-
Italian
-
Spanish
-
Greek
-
Polish
-
Swedish
-
Hungarian
-
Dutch
-

Record last updated: 31/05/2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk
Please cite as: Lewis, K.A., Tzilivakis, J., Warner, D. and Green, A. (2016) An international database for pesticide risk assessments and management. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, 22(4), 1050-1064. DOI: 10.1080/10807039.2015.1133242