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aldicarb (Ref: ENT 27093)
** carbamic acid ** UC 21149 ** carbamyl ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

SUMMARY

Aldicarb is an insecticide that is not approved for use in the EU. It is highly soluble and volatile. It is not persistent in soil but may be in in aqueous sustems. It is highly toxic to humans but has a low potential to bioaccumulate. It is a known endocrine disrupter, a neurotoxin and an inhibitor of acetyl cholinesterase. Aldicarb is highly toxic to birds and honeybees, and moderately toxic to most aquatic organisms and earthworms.

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for aldicarb

Description: A soil applied, insecticide and nematicide used to control chewing, sucking and soil dwelling insects

Example pests controlled: Mites; Nematodes; Aphids

Example applications: Cucumbers; Water melons; Cotton; Peanut; Soybean; Potatoes

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1970, USA

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur UK
Date inclusion expires Expired

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia, USA

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Insecticide, Acaricide, Nematicide
Substance group Carbamate
Minimum active substance purity -
Known relevant impurities -
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Systemic with contact and stomach action absorbed through roots. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor.
CAS RN 116-06-3
EC number 204-123-2
CIPAC number 215
US EPA chemical code 098301
Chiral molecule No
Chemical formula C7H14N2O2S
SMILES O=C(O\N=C\C(SC)(C)C)NC
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) QGLZXHRNAYXIBU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C7H14N2O2S/c1-7(2,12-4)5-9-11-6(10)8-3/h5H,1-4H3,(H,8,10)/b9-5+
Structure diagram/image available? Yes
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 190.26
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) (5E)-7,7-dimethyl-4-oxa-8-thia-2,5-diazanon-5-en-3-one
IUPAC name (EZ)-2-methyl-2-(methylthio)propionaldehyde O-methylcarbamoyloxime
CAS name 2-methyl-2-(methylthio)propanal O-[(methylamino)carbonyl]oxime
Other status information PAN Dirty Dozen; Potential groundwater contaminant; Marine Pollutant
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) 1A
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance Leptinotarsa decemlineata
Liriomyza munda
Tetranychus urticae
Physical state White crystals
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Bayer CropScience
Example products using this active
  • Temik
UK LERAP status None
Formulation and application details Products are usually supplied as granular formulations.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for aldicarb

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 4930 B5 High
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) 180000 B4 - Benzene -
110000 B3 - Toluene -
470000 B4 - Dichloromethane -
380000 B4 - Acetone -
Melting point (oC) 99 L3 -
Boiling point (oC) Decomposes before boiling V3 -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable V3 -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 1.41 X 1001 Calculated -
Log P 1.15 B5 Low
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 1.2 L3 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC Not applicable Q3 -
Note: No dissociation
Vapour pressure at 25oC (mPa) 3.87 B5 Volatile
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 1.25 X 10-05 H4 Non-volatile
Henry's law constant at 20oC (dimensionless) 2.20 X 10-07 K3 Non-volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 0.96 Calculated Low leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value 2.16 X 10-03 Calculated -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Low
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 10 Q3 Non-persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) 2.4 B5 Non-persistent
DT50 (field) 2 R3 Non-persistent
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
Note Literature values DT50 range 1-60 days
Plant matrix DT50 (days) Value 5.8 R4 -
Note DT50 range 1.0 - 12.6 days, 7 plants/crops, various matrices
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value 8 K4 Moderately fast
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value 189 K4 Persistent
Note Hydrolysis is not greatly pH sensitive except in concentrated alkaline media
Water-sediment DT50 (days) 6 K3 Fast
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - R3 Mobile
Koc 36
Notes and range General literature Koc 7.08-46.77 mL/g
Freundlich Kf 1.29 G3 Mobile
Kfoc 30
1/n 0.9
Notes and range Mean of 4 soils, 5 values. Sandy loam Kf=0.19; Loamy sand Kf=0.22; Loam Kf=2.47; Silt loam Kf=1.13
pH sensitivity -

Key metabolites:
Metabolite Formation medium Estimated maximum occurrence fraction 91/414 relevancy Click here for further information on 91/414 relevancy
2-methyl-2-(methylsulfinyl)propanal O-((methylamino)carbonyl)oxime This metabolite may cause environmental pollution, click here for further information Soil   0.9   Major fraction, Relevancy unknown
aldoxycarb This metabolite may cause environmental pollution, click here for further information Soil   0.2   Major fraction, Relevancy unknown

Other known metabolites:
Metabolite name and reference Aliases Formation medium / Rate Estimated maximum occurrence fraction Metabolising enzymes
aldicarb sulfone
Note: DT50 soil = 48 days
- a = Soil; b = Plant; c = Rat (Urinary) a=0.200 -
aldicarb nitrile - Soil; Plant; Rat (Urinary) - -
aldicarb acid - Soil - -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for aldicarb

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) 42 P4 Low potential
CT50 (days) Not available -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 0.93 F4 Rat High
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) 3.4 F3 Anas platyrhynchos High
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.56 L3 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) 1.37 Q2 Unknown species Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 0.42 F4 Daphnia magna Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) 0.035 L2 Daphnia magna Moderate
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.004 F3 Chironomus riparius, 1 day High
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) 50 F3 Skeletonema costatum Low
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) > 0.28 R4 High
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) 65 F4 Eisenia foetida Moderate
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for aldicarb

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 0.93 F4 Rat High
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) 20 L3 Rabbit -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 0.004 L3 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.003 JMPR 1995 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.003 JMPR 1995 -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public Consumer exposure to aldicarb and its toxic metabolites (the sulfoxide and sulfone) occurs mainly through food residues
Occupational -
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

General human health issues Highly toxic
IARC Group 3 carcinogen, USEPA - possible human carcinogen at high doses

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes No information available
CLP classification 2013 Health: H330, H311, H300
Environment: H400, H410
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases T+ - Very toxic: R26/28
T - Toxic: R24
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50, R53
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S1/2, S22, S36/37, S45, S61,S60
WHO Classification Ia - Extremely hazardous
US EPA Classification (formulation) I - Danger - Highly toxic
UN Number 2757
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRANSLATIONS

for aldicarb

Language Name
English aldicarb
French aldicarbe
German Aldicarb
Danish aldicarb
Italian aldicarb
Spanish aldicarb
Greek -
Slovenian aldikarb
Polish aldikarb
Swedish -
Hungarian aldikarb
Dutch aldicarb

Record last updated: Monday 17 October 2016
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk