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quinalphos (Ref: ENT 27397)
** chinalphos ** SAN 6538 ** SAN 6626 ** diethquinalphion ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for quinalphos

Description: A broad-spectrum insecticide and acaricide used against a range of common insect pests

Example pests controlled: Caterpillars; Aphids; Mealybugs; Mites; Bollworms; Leaf hoppers; Borers

Example applications: Rape; Peanuts; Sorghum; Wheat; Sugarcane; Fibre crops; Cotton; Vines & grapes

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Unknown

Introduction & key dates: circa 1970

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Not applicable
Date inclusion expires Expired
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) Not applicable
Listed in EU database Yes

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism -
Chemical formula C12H15N2O3PS
Canonical SMILES CCOP(=S)(OCC)OC1=NC2=CC=CC=C2N=C1
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) JYQUHIFYBATCCY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C12H15N2O3PS/c1-3-15-18(19,16-4-2)17-12-9-13-10-7-5-6-8-11(10)14-12/h5-9H,3-4H2,1-2H3
Structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Insecticide, Acaricide
Substance group Organophosphate
Minimum active substance purity -
Known relevant impurities -
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Contact and stomach action. Non-systemic. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor.
CAS RN 13593-03-8
EC number 237-031-6
CIPAC number 449
US EPA chemical code -
PubChem CID 26124
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 298.3
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) O,O-diethyl O-quinoxalin-2-yl phosphorothioate
IUPAC name O,O-diethyl O-quinoxalin-2-yl phosphorothioate
CAS name O,O-diethyl O-2-quinoxalinyl phosphorothioate
Other status information Marine Pollutant
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) 1B
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance Bemisia tabaci
Helicoverpa armigera
Myzus persicae
Pectinophora gossypiella
Spodoptera litura
many others
Physical state Colourless crystals
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Cheminova
  • Sigma-aldrich
  • United Phosphorus
  • King Tech Corp
  • Bayer
  • Sandoz
Example products using this active
  • Quinguard
  • Deviquin
  • Hubelux
  • Quinatox
  • Bayrusil
  • Ekalux
  • Savall
UK LERAP status No UK approval for use as a pesticide under EC Regulation 1107/2009
Formulation and application details Available as emulsifiable concentrates, ULVs, granules, dusts and wettable powders.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for quinalphos

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 17.8 L3 Low
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) 250000 L3 - Hexane -
Melting point (oC) 31.5 L3 -
Boiling point (oC) - - -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) - - -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 2.75 X 1004 Calculated -
Log P 4.44 L3 High
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 1.235 L3 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC - - -
Note:
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 0.346 L3 Low volatility
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 4.70 X 10-03 V3 Non-volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 1.10 Calculated Low leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value 2.09 X 10-02 Calculated -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Medium
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 21 L3 Non-persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note Best available data
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value 1.4 R3 -
Note Tea, green leaves, n=1
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value 2.9 R4 -
Note Published literature RL50 range 1.2-8.3 days, 9 field crops, various matrices, n=12
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value 39 L2 Moderately persistent
Note pH sensitive: DT50 23 days at pH 3, 39 days at pH 6, 26 days at pH 9, all at 25 degC
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - S1 Slightly mobile
Koc 1465
Notes and range Estimated
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -

Key metabolites:
Metabolite Formation medium Estimated maximum occurrence fraction 1107/2009 relevancy Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
2-hydroxyquinoxaline Soil   -   -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for quinalphos

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) - - -
CT50 (days) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 71 L3 Rat High
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - L2 Rat, 2 year -
(ppm diet) 3 -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) 4.3 L3 Coturnix japonica High
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.005 L3 Oncorhynchus mykiss High
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 0.00066 L3 Daphnia magna High
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) 0.07 L3 High
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) 118.4 L3 Moderate
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for quinalphos

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 71 L3 Rat High
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) 1750 L3 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 0.45 L3 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 List I; List II - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public -
Occupational -
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

General human health issues Highly toxic, may be fatal if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through skin,

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Corrosive when molten
IMDG Transport Code is usually 6.1
CLP classification 2013 Health: H301, H312
Environment: H400, H410
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases T - Toxic: R25
Xn - Harmful: R21
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50, R53
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S1/2, S22, S36/37, S45, S60, S61
WHO Classification II - Moderately hazardous
US EPA Classification (formulation) II - Warning - Moderately toxic
UN Number Usually 2783 or 3018
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group II (medium danger)


TRANSLATIONS

for quinalphos

Language Name
English quinalphos
French quinalphos
German Quinalphos
Danish quinalphos
Italian quinalfos
Spanish quinalfos
Greek quinalphos
Slovenian kvinalfos
Polish kwinalfos
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch quinalfos

Record last updated: Friday 24 August 2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk