2012-2013: OSCAR - Optimal
Strategies for Climate change Action in Rural areas (Ref.
This project aimed to support
the development of more holistic Rural Development Policy (RDP)
measures that not only tackle rural issues, but also address climate
change objectives (mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to
the effects of climate change). This was done by developing guidance
materials for Member States to support the development of RDP measures
that optimally address climate change objectives post-2013.
The approach involved
evaluating each current RDP measure using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
coupled with an Adaptive Capacity Impact Assessment, to provide an
evaluation in relation to mitigation, adaptation, productivity and
practicality. This also involved using GIS techniques to identify
Regional Variation Categories across Europe in relation to climate
change mitigation and adaptation, and the development of marginal
abatement cost curves and marginal adaptation cost curves for RDP
measures to provide an overview of the costs and benefits of each
measure. This information was used to develop an RDP manual and
checklist to facilitate the optimisation of national rural development
programmes to support the delivery of climate policy objectives.
The project was funded by DG
Climate Action within the European Commission and was undertaken in
collaboration with Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life
Sciences in Poland and Solagro in France.
- Tzilivakis, J., Warner, D., Green, A. &
Lewis, K. (2019).
Spatial analysis of the benefits and burdens of Ecological Focus Areas
for water-related ecosystem services vulnerable to climate change in
Europe. Mitig. Adapt. Strateg. Glob.
Change, 24(2): 205-233. DOI.
J., Warner, D.J., Green, A. & Lewis, K.A. (2017). Spatial and
temporal variability of greenhouse gas emissions from rural development
land use operations. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies
for Global Change, 22(3): 447-467. DOI.
D., Tzilivakis, J., Green, A. & Lewis, K. (2017). Prioritising
agri-environment options for greenhouse gas mitigation. International Journal of Climate Change
Strategies and Management, 9(1):
D.J., Tzilivakis, J., Green, A. & Lewis, K.A. (2016). Rural
Development Program measures on cultivated land in Europe to mitigate
greenhouse gas emissions – regional “hotspots” and priority measures. Carbon Management, 7(3-4): 205-219. DOI.
J., Warner, D., Green, A. & Lewis, K.A. (2015). Adapting to climate
change: Assessing the vulnerability of ecosystem services in Europe in
the context of rural development. Mitigation and
Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 20(4): 547-572. DOI.
- Tzilivakis, J., Lewis, K.,
Green, A., Warner, D., Fialkiewicz, W., Olearczyk, D., Bordet, C. &
Langevin, B. (2013). Optimal Design of Climate Change Policies
Through the EU's Rural Development Policy: Final Report to the European
Commission. European Commission, Brussels.
- OSCAR Project Leaflet
- OSCAR Case Study Leaflet